Peripheral neuropathy can occur when nerves get damaged. More often than not, one experiences burning, numbness, and tingling.
Over time, various parts of the peripheral nervous system can be affected.
Patients may have an impairment in balance which can lead to frequent falls. If the autonomic nervous system is damaged, patients often experience dizziness, changes in heart rate, as well as bowel and bladder issues.
The condition often causes pain that is described as a burning or tingling sensation that for some is worse at night. Neuropathic pain may become acute and constant. Other times it may come and go.
Overall, diabetes appears to be the most common cause. Control of blood sugar is very important in treating this type of neuropathy.
Other causes may include vitamin B12 deficiency, vitamin B6 toxicity, alcohol consumption, exposure to toxins, lupus and other autoimmune diseases, cancer, liver and kidney disease, chemotherapy, and blood disorders.
A complete neurological examination and diagnostic testing is necessary for optimal treatment. With neuropathy, early diagnosis and treatment is important. Medication can provide symptomatic relief when needed.